"Great and Venerable Mechanism of the Universe"
AZTEC CALENDAR

For those of you that would like to understand the Native Calendar a little better, there is an animation at the bottom of the page that show how the gears turn.  The first thing to realize is that the calendar count was universal to the Americas, used by the Zapotec, Huastec, Toltec, Aztec, Maya, Nahuas, etc... and utilizes the same mechanics.   The Aztec Calendar is no less accurate than the Mayan Calendar and conversely.

The Nahua legend of Quetzalcoatl tells of a single person responsible for teaching the calendar count to migrants that came from the North.    Apparently the folks from the South had been using it longer.  Since its very early days around 200 BC, the place we know as Teotihuacan, was tracking time.    Most likely the number 20 was used for an easy way to keep track of days with a finger and toe counting system.

But what is harder to comprehend, is how the number 13 closely matches the prime dividend of a complete cycle of the Earth's axis as it spins. This seems to capture the fundamental frequency or pulse of the Earth in relationship to the general solar system.  More specifically, a complete axis precession takes 25,720 years, according to our best modern measurements.  The 13 x 20 concept yields 36,000 cycles of 260 to make up 25,625 years. That is a very close correlation.

For a research tool, information that was gathered over the course of 25 years was filtered down and compiled into the Aztec Calendar Handbook.  By having scattered facts in one location, made it easier to sort through volumes of seemingly disparate information.  The book evolved as new information could be meshed with the existing collection.  The 3rd edition helped solve the "riddle" of the calendar, yielding the 4th edition. 

What we know about the advanced cultures of Mesoamerica is, they:   .
    1) Marked time by; 260 days, 360 + 5 days, 52 years + 13 days
    2) Called the calendar; the Two that Is One
    3) Were aware that our Sun was a star and the stars were other suns
    4) Knew about the precession of the Earth's axis
    5) Navigated oceans by the stars


While developing the mechanics for a working calendar, solving a simple gear problem brought forth a breakthrough in the exact understanding of how these two calendars worked together, which is explained below.                

The Two That Is One  . . . is what the day-counters called their calendar.
  .
"Montezuma gave to Cortes, among many other vast treasures, a disk of gold that was the sun as large as a
cartwheel and an equally large moon of silver.  Cortes had them melted down into ingot."    Bernal Diaz
  .

      Click for Mexicolour UK

                  What follows below is an animated diagram showing how two calendars                 
          were used to generate a single date and how they calibrated each other.             

.

260-day calendar cycles
This day-count is driven off the precession
of the Earth's axis and continues unabated 
.               for 7200 cycles then repeats.                        
                        

365-day calendar cycles
The secular or civil calendar is driven off
the 260 day calendar and calibrated yearly
and realigned every 52 years. 
.



Press the START  button to see the Native counting mechanism in action.   Press the STOP  button anytime and re-START anytime to understand glyph management and the year designation scheme.  This animation is set at 1 fps.
  If you don't want to wait:
             Go directly to: NEMONTEMI (nameless days)                 Go directly to: XIUHMOLPILLI (52 year cycle) 
 

Regarding the Native habit of sacrifice, the conquering Spanish Christians claimed to be appalled at Aztec ritual cannibalism.  But, they didn't think twice about the fact that to celebrate their God, one must eat the body of Christ and drink His blood.   In regard to Native sacrifices, those that participated to get to heaven, mostly did so willingly. They left this life behind, to become one with their god and to be a messenger for the people.

.
F
rom a brief point in time...
.

''To those the gods wish to destroy, first they make proud.''

Historical Science Publishing                  

Start Here

   2001-12 Historical Science Publishing